Challenge 2 Life Cycle Zero CO2 Emissions Challenge

Fundamental Approach

To mitigate the various risks posed by climate change, the "Life Cycle Zero CO2 Emissions Challenge" seeks to completely eliminate CO2 emissions not only while driving vehicles, but throughout the entire vehicle life cycle including materials and parts manufacturing and vehicle assembly, maintenance, disposal, and recycling.

Some electrified vehicles may have materials and parts that increase CO2 emissions in the processes of manufacturing. Possible means of reducing this include adopting low CO2 emitting materials during manufacturing as well as reducing material usage and the number of parts used. It is possible to reduce CO2 emissions in the disposal and recycling stages by expanding use of recycled materials and designs that make it easier to dismantle vehicles.

We will accelerate eco-friendly designs as we pursue "ever-better cars." We will also promote reductions in CO2 through the efficient use of mobility by providing mobility services and supporting the widespread adoption of eco-driving.

Through these initiatives, we will contribute to achieving SDG 12.8 (sustainable lifestyle) and 13.1 (reduction of CO2).

Related SDGs

Promoting Environmental Management in Product Development (Eco-VAS)

Steady Promotion of Environmental Target Management

To reduce the environmental impact of its vehicles, Toyota has introduced the Eco-Vehicle Assessment System (Eco-VAS) to set and achieve environmental targets such as life cycle CO2 and recyclability, under the guidance of the chief engineer, including at the development stage.

In this system, we conduct LCA* which assesses the impact of the vehicle life cycle on the environment at all stages including materials and parts manufacturing, vehicle assembly, driving, maintenance, disposal, and recycling.

* Life Cycle AssessmentA comprehensive technique to assess vehicle's impact on the environment over the entire life cycle from resource mining through to disposal and recycling, by quantifying the impact of each stage
LCA Results of Corolla Sport HEV Models

Major Initiatives during FY2019

  • Conducted LCA for five new and redesigned models (Century, Corolla Sport, Crown, and Lexus ES and UX) and one partially redesigned model (Probox/Succeed)
TÜV Rheinland

The LCA that Toyota conducts on its passenger vehicles has been tested and certified by German third-party organization TUV Rheinland based on ISO 14040/14044 standards

TÜV Rheinland

Environmental Initiatives for the Life Cycle of Next-generation Vehicles

Although emissions have been reduced for next-generation vehicles while they are being driven, for some models, the amount of CO2 emitted due to materials used and during the vehicle manufacturing process may increase. Toyota believes it is important to reduce emissions not only while vehicles are being driven but also throughout the vehicle life cycle.

Response to Scope 3

Scope 3 is a standard established to measure CO2 emissions at all stages of a company's business activities and identify areas for future reductions. Scope 3 accounts for not only CO2 emissions from their activities and those of their consolidated subsidiaries (Scope 1 and Scope 2), but emissions from other stages of the life cycle, such as procured materials and parts, transportation, employee commuting and business travel, along with the driving, maintenance, and disposal of customer vehicles.

CO2 Emissions Ratio of 15 Categories in Scope 3 (FY2019 Global Basis)

Pursuing Transportation Efficiency and Reducing CO2 Emissions in Logistics Activities

To reduce CO2 emissions in its logistics activities, Toyota Motor Corporation (TMC) is taking measures to improve the transportation efficiency of production parts, completed vehicles, and spare parts.

In FY2019, CO2 emissions from logistics operations totaled 0.289 million tons (up 1.0 percent year on year), due largely to an increase in volume in Japan, while CO2 emissions per unit of workload (transported volume) was 104.2 g-CO2/tkm (same as the previous year). At the global level, Toyota began indicating global target guidelines starting in FY2014, and at the same time, based on these guidelines, each country and region set a goal toward which they have been carrying out reduction activities. As a result, Toyota's global CO2 emissions in FY2019 totaled 2.2 million tons.

Results of TMC Kaizen Initiatives to Reduce CO2 Emissions (Japan)

Major Initiatives during FY2019

  • Cooperated with affiliated companies to review Kyushu Route and promote joint transportation
  • TMV, a Vietnam-based affiliate, cooperated with another company's neighboring plant to promote joint transportation

Learn more about Toyota's environmental activities here